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Punto de encuentro de Venezolanos votantes en Bilbao

Archivos por Etiqueta: Departamento Estado

Departamento de Estado de EEUU advierte a Noruega – Comunicado – 25 de Mayo 2019

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Los Estados Unidos apoyan el deseo del pueblo venezolano de recuperar su democracia y poner fin al régimen ilegítimo de Maduro. Los esfuerzos anteriores para negociar el fin del régimen y las elecciones libres han fracasado porque el régimen los ha utilizado para dividir a la oposición y ganar tiempo.

Las elecciones libres no pueden ser supervisadas por un tirano. Como hemos dicho en repetidas ocasiones, creemos que lo único que hay que negociar con Nicolás Maduro son las condiciones de su partida. Esperamos que las conversaciones en Oslo se centren en ese objetivo, y si lo hacen, esperamos que el progreso sea posible.

Deseamos señalar que hoy es el decimoséptimo día desde el arresto y desaparición de Edgar Zambrano, Primer Vicepresidente de la Asamblea Nacional de Venezuela, la última institución democrática que queda en el país. Desde su detención, el Sr. Zambrano no ha tenido contacto con su familia o sus abogados, y su ubicación es desconocida. Hoy también se cumplen más de dos meses desde el encarcelamiento de Roberto Marrero, un abogado y jefe de personal del presidente interino Juan Guaido. Son solo dos de los 800 presos políticos que mantuvo el régimen de Maduro el 20 de mayo.

Nos unimos a los partidarios de la democracia en Venezuela en todo el mundo para condenar su encarcelamiento ilegal por el régimen de Maduro y para exigir su liberación inmediata.

Vecchio: “Muy positiva” reunión con el Departamento de Estado y el Pentágono – Noticiero Digital – 20 de Mayo 2019

Apróximadamente a las 3:45 p.m. de este lunes, el embajador designado por Juan Guaidó en Estados Unidos, Carlos Vecchio, anunció la culminación de una reunión realizada este lunes con el enviado del Departamento de Estado para Venezuela, Elliott Abrams, y con Sergio Peña, Subsecretario de Defensa para Asuntos del Hemisferio Occidental.

El representante diplomático detalló, a través de @CarlosVecchio que en la reunión con el Departamento de Estado y el Pentágono se abordaron aspectos relacionados con la crisis que atraviesa Venezuela y el escenario actual. Aseguró que los resultados del cónclave fueron “muy positivos”.

“Esta fue una conversación franca con nuestros aliados, con la cual nos vamos satisfechos. Sobre todo porque no va a ser la última sino que seguiremos trabajando con nuestros aliados, particularmente con este Gobierno que es mi responsabilidad”, dijo luego de culminar la reunión, según video publicado en TV Venezuela.

Por su parte, el presidente encargado, designado por la Asamblea Nacional, Juan Guaidó, indicó en un tuit que, con la reunión, “avanzamos en la construcción de capacidades y la cooperación internacional que nos permita salir de la crisis e iniciar la reconstrucción de nuestro país”.

Vecchio aseguró que el almirante Craig Faller había informado que, por decisiones superiores, la reunión que un principio fue solicitada al Comando Sur, terminó siendo “elevada de nivel” por la “prioridad que la Administración (de Donald Trump), asigna al caso Venezuela”.

“La búsqueda de soluciones a nuestra crisis se quiere manejar al nivel más alto de Estados Unidos”, dijo el político.

Aclaró que el Comando Sur forma parte del Departamento de Defensa de EEUU y que la decisión del gobierno fue que se sostuviera la reunión en el Departamento de Estado de manera conjunta con el Pentágono.

“Discutimos todos los aspectos de la crisis y opciones. Nos vamos satisfechos con progreso alcanzado. ¡Seguimos!”, escribió Vecchio.

Más temprano, a través de una nota publicada por la Agencia EFE, se anunció la suspensión de la reunión de  Vecchio con representantes del Comando Sur.

El objetivo del encuentro es conversar sobre “ayuda humanitaria y el futuro de Venezuela”, dijo a Efe uno de los portavoces del Departamento de Defensa, Chris Mitchell.

Otro portavoz del Departamento de Defensa dijo a Efe que en la cita no participará ningún representante del Comando Sur, la rama del Pentágono responsable de las Fuerzas Armadas estadounidenses en Latinoamérica y el Caribe.

Concretamente, la conversación se centrará en “el papel del Departamento de Defensa a la hora de suministrar ayuda humanitaria y apoyo regional tanto en el pasado como en el futuro”, especificó, por su parte, una portavoz del Departamento de Estado encargada de Latinoamérica.

“Como es una conversación diplomática privada, no compartiremos más detalles”, dijo a Efe la citada portavoz.

Otra fuente diplomática venezolana explicó a Efe que el encuentro se producirá a las 14.00 hora local (18.00 GMT) y no está previsto que las partes hagan ninguna declaración pública antes o después de la cita.

La cita se produce después de que, el 11 de mayo, Vecchio enviara una carta al jefe del Comando Sur, el almirante Craig Faller, para pedirle una reunión con el objetivo de conversar sobre cooperación militar destinada a “aliviar” el sufrimiento del pueblo venezolano y “restablecer” la democracia.

Venezuela atraviesa un pico de tensión política desde el pasado enero, cuando el presidente venezolano, Nicolás Maduro, juró un nuevo mandato de 6 años que no reconocen la oposición y parte de la comunidad internacional y, en respuesta, Guaidó, presidente del Parlamento, se proclamó mandatario interino del país.

EE.UU. fue la primera nación en reconocer a Guaidó como jefe de Estado y, desde entonces, ha tratado de presionar a Maduro con la revocación de visados a funcionarios venezolanos y sanciones a la empresa Petróleos de Venezuela (Pdvsa), principal fuente de divisas para Caracas.

Además, el presidente de EE.UU., Donald Trump, lleva meses insistiendo en que “todas las opciones”, incluida la militar, “están sobre la mesa” para resolver la situación en Venezuela. EFE

 

Nicolas Maduro: Corruption and Chaos in Venezuela – US Department of State – 15 de Abril 2019

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“Maduro usurped power; he’s not the duly elected president. Juan Guaido is the person that the Venezuelan people chose. America and now 54 other nations simply have ratified that, have said, ‘Yep, we recognize that’s what Venezuelans want.’” – U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, March 19, 2019.

Venezuela’s former regime, led by Nicolas Maduro, has consistently violated the human rights and dignity of its citizens, plundered the country’s natural resources, and driven a once prosperous nation into economic ruin with his authoritarian rule and socialist economic policies. Maduro’s thugs have engaged in extra-judicial killings and torture, taken political prisoners, and severely restricted freedom of speech, all in a brutal effort to retain power.

MADURO’S UNCONSTITUTIONAL ACTS:

  • In 2015, pro-democracy opposition parties resoundingly defeated the Maduro regime in legislative elections. Shortly thereafter, Maduro began dismantling various branches of government. Lame-duck National Assembly President Diosdado Cabello rushed to stack the country’s courts with unqualified party hacks to serve as Maduro’s guarantors of power.
  • On January 11, 2016, when the National Assembly proceeded to seat three legitimately elected deputies, the Supreme Court declared the National Assembly in contempt, rendering all subsequent legislation approved by this democratically elected body null and void. Maduro has deliberately sidelined this constitutionally legitimate Assembly ever since.
  • Maduro’s National Electoral Council (CNE) cronies oversee the conduct of all elections and declare the winners. Since 2015, they have tilted the playing field to ensure that Maduro can’t lose. They have disqualified every major opposition party and most opposition candidates since 2017.
  • In 2017, acting on Maduro’s orders, the CNE organized widely contested elections for the National Constituent Assembly, whose primary objective was to draft a new constitution. Instead, Maduro used the Assembly to usurp the powers of the legitimate National Assembly, ratify his orders, and enact laws, many of which vilify and disparage opposition figures and their policy proposals.
  • This sham electoral system culminated in the May 20, 2018 presidential elections. With most opposition figures arrested, exiled, or banned from running, Maduro faced a weakened field of candidates in a rigged election. To drive pro-Maduro turnout, the regime bribed voters with desperately needed food and other subsidies in exchange for their votes.
  • On January 10, 2019, Maduro unlawfully assumed the presidency at a ceremony deemed illegitimate by many Venezuelans and more than 50 countries, including most of Venezuela’s neighbors and the majority of the European Union.

In this context, Juan Guaido, elected on January 5, 2019, as President of the National Assembly, the only remaining democratically elected and legitimate institution in the country, invoked relevant articles of the Venezuelan constitution and became Venezuela’s Interim President.

MADURO’S CORRUPTION:

  • Maduro’s most egregious corruption scheme involved embezzlement from the state-owned oil company Petroleos de Venezuela (PdVSA). In 2015, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) issued a finding under Section 311 of the USA PATRIOT Act. A European bank accepted exorbitant commissions to process approximately $2 billion in transactions related to Venezuelan third–party money launderers, shell companies, and complex financial products to siphon off funds from PdVSA.
  • In 2018, a $1.2 billion money-laundering scheme involving Matthias Krull, a German national and Panamanian resident, and Gustavo Adolfo Hernandez, a Colombian national and naturalized U.S. citizen, exploited PdVSA and took advantage of the corruption in Venezuela’s foreign currency exchange systems by trading U.S. dollars for Venezuelan bolivars at market rate and then back again.
  • In 2016, Maduro declared approximately 12% of the country to be a part of an “Orinoco Mining Arc” and awarded himself broad authorities to oversee the exploitation of resources for personal gain. In 2017, the regime ejected legitimate foreign companies doing business and replaced them with unregulated miners who operate with the backing of senior Venezuelan military officers.
  • In 2017, after a seven month investigation, Venezuela’s National Assembly uncovered instances where the regime “spent” $42 for a box of food, which it then distributed in exchange for votes, at a time when the food items cost less than $13. Maduro’s inner circle kept the difference, which totaled more than $200 million dollars in at least one case.
  • Venezuela ranks 169 out of 180 countries on the Transparency International’s 2017 Corruption Perception Index.

MADURO’S HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS:

  • In October 2018, Caracas Councilman Fernando Alban traveled to New York to denounce the Maduro regime’s brutality on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly. Upon his return to Venezuela on October 5, Maduro’s secret police arrested him at the airport. He died in custody a few days later when he mysteriously fell from a 10th floor window of a maximum-security prison in Caracas.
  • Maduro has increasingly relied on the Special Action Force of the National Police (FAES) that he created in 2017 to carry out illegal raids and extrajudicial killings.
    • The FAES, comprised of 1,300 officers, stands accused of killing more than 100 people in low-income neighborhoods from June to December 2018. (January 26, 2019 NGO Provea report)
    • On March 20, 2019, according to the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet, FAES executed 37 people in connection with illegal home invasion raids in January.
  • The regime has deployed the National Guard and civil militias known as colectivos to crack down on peaceful protestors. According to the National Assembly, the former regime is responsible for at least 40 protest-related deaths so far this year.
    • 175 protest-related detentions and 7 deaths reported on January 23, 2019 (NGO Foro Penal)
    • 1,255 persons detained since January 21, 2019 (NGO Foro Penal)
    • 864 prisoners of conscience, including 95 military members (NGO Foro Penal, as of 4/1/19)
  • On April 5, 2019, human rights NGO PROVEA announced the discovery of several clandestine detention centers, including three allegedly run by colectivos, police, state security forces, and intelligence agencies, where the former regime extralegally detained and abused Venezuelan citizens.
  • On April 4, 2019, police raided the home of National Assembly Deputy Roberto Alcala in an effort to prosecute him on trumped-up terrorism charges.
  • On March 21, 2019, Maduro’s police raided the home of Interim President Juan Guaido’s chief of staff Roberto Marrero, and arrested him. Maduro’s Cuban-supported intelligence agency, SEBIN, continues to detain him. SEBIN has a record of using cruel and inhumane treatment to coerce confessions.

Actions Against Venezuela’s Corrupt Regime, statement by Secretary Pompeo – U.S. Department of State – 10 de Enero 2019

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The United States condemns Maduro’s illegitimate usurpation of power today following the unfree and unfair elections he imposed on the Venezuelan people on May 20, 2018. The United States remains steadfast in its support of the Venezuelan people and will continue to use the full weight of U.S. economic and diplomatic power to press for the restoration of Venezuelan democracy.Today, we reiterate our support for Venezuela’s National Assembly, the only legitimate branch of government duly elected by the Venezuelan people. It is time for Venezuela to begin a transitional process that can restore the constitutional, democratic order by holding free and fair elections that respect the will of the Venezuelan people.

To advance this goal, the United States has taken aggressive action against the Maduro regime and its enablers. Most recently, on January 8, the United States imposed sanctions on seven individuals and 23 entities involved in a corruption scheme to exploit Venezuela’s currency exchange practices. By rigging the system in their favor, these individuals and entities stole more than $2.4 billion as the Venezuelan people starved. We applaud the initiative by the new National Assembly leadership to work with the international community to recover these and other stolen funds and to use them to relieve the suffering of Venezuela’s people. The United States will continue to play an active role towards this end.

We also have implemented and will continue to impose visa revocations and other restrictions for current and former Venezuelan government officials and their family members believed to be responsible for or complicit in human rights abuses, acts of public corruption, and the undermining of democratic governance. We will not allow them to act without consequence or enjoy their ill-gotten gains in the United States – and urge other countries to act likewise.

It is time for Venezuelan leaders to make a choice. We urge those who support this regime, from every day employees getting by on food subsidies to the Venezuelan security forces sworn to support the constitution, to stop enabling repression and corruption and to work with the National Assembly and its duly elected leader, Juan Guaido, in accordance with your constitution on a peaceful return to democracy. The Venezuelan people and the international community will remember and judge your actions. Now is the time to convince the Maduro dictatorship that the moment has arrived for democracy to return to Venezuela.

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