Punto de encuentro de Venezolanos votantes en Bilbao

Archivos por Etiqueta: Crisis humanitaria

Los mangos se convirtieron en un alivio para el hambre de los venezolanos más pobres – El Nacional – 3 de Agosto 2020

Los ingresos económicos mermaron debido a la cuarentena establecida en los últimos meses en todos los estados para prevenir los contagios de covid-19. La FAO advirtió en julio que en Venezuela los niveles de nutrición de los niños menores de 5 años de edad son comparables con los de los países más pobres del planeta

Mangos en el hambre de los venezolanos

En Venezuela, los mangos se convirtieron en un alivio para el hambre de los venezolanos menos favorecidos en medio de la pandemia de covid-19, que hasta la fecha supera los 20.000 contagios en el país desde mediados de marzo.

Los ingresos económicos mermaron debido a la cuarentena establecida en los últimos meses en todos los estados para prevenir los contagios. Pero eso no ha significado que los precios de los productos y alimentos bajaran.

La gente que no trabaja y que no tiene qué comer, se llena con los manguitos“, manifestó Clara Tocancipa a la Voz de América mientras recogía algunos frutos en una calle de Caracas.

La ciudadana, empleada doméstica, contó que a diario decenas de hombres intentan tumbar con piedras o varas improvisadas mangos del árbol.

Tacancipa recogió tres mangos que estaban tirados en la calle. Dijo al medio que serían un complemento para su cena, pero aseguró que para otras personas podría ser el único bocado del día.

“Al menos uno se alimenta y la gente que no trabaja y no tiene qué comer se llena con los manguitos. Muchos se mantienen con esto, porque una persona que gane sueldo mínimo ¿para qué le alcanza? Tan solo los ricos y la clase media alta serán los que están alimentándose, porque los pobres, todos estamos pasando trabajo”, manifestó.

La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura advirtió en julio que en Venezuela los niveles de nutrición de los niños menores de 5 años de edad son comparables con los de los países más pobres del planeta.

A dollar for sex: Venezuela’s women tricked and trafficked by Paddy Dowling – The Guardian – 30 de Julio 2020

Women attempting to flee the country’s economic collapse are in desperate straits, stranded at borders and forced into sex work, say NGOs

One of many brothels in the Colombian border town of Arauca
 One of many brothels in the Colombian border town of Arauca, where failing to pay protection money can cost your life. Photograph: Paddy Dowling/Care International

The family had nothing at home, says mother of six Luisa Hernández, 30, from Zulia state, Venezuela. “To see your children grow up without food, without anything, is unbearable.

“Eating from rubbish bins to survive was no life, so we left. But, now with the pandemic, we are in limbo, we are stuck in Colombia, and hungry again. We have gone from one crisis to another.”

Venezuela’s total economic collapse has fuelled a large-scale, complex and underfunded humanitarian crisis. An estimated 4.5 million Venezuelans have fled a country blighted by unemployment, collapsing utilities, a defunct healthcare system and severe food shortages.

And as refugees, it is women who have been the most vulnerable to labour and sexual exploitation, trafficking and violence.

The backbone working class marched out of Venezuela largely on foot, their worldly possessions stuffed into black bin liners or rolled behind them in suitcases, travelling along arterial roads and highways to cross the borders – legally and illegally – into countries now shouldering the crisis.

Coronavirus exacerbated the problem of illegal entry and forced los caminantes (the walkers) to take to informal trail roads, or trochas, as lockdowns across South America closed borders.Things are desperate here, we need more help

“I have heard many stories about women on these trails,” says Paola Vargas, 36, a mother of three stuck in Cúcuta on Colombia’s northern border. “Smugglers, traffickers and irregular armed groups charge around $2.50 (£1.95) so you can cross the border. It’s not a legal crossing nor is it safe. There are no guarantees you’ll make it out of there, especially if you are a woman,” she said.

“Men think that because you are on your own with children, women must be selling themselves. I have had several propositions to sell myself in order to feed my children. It is really difficult to refuse because I need the work” Vargas adds.

During lockdown, Venezuelans, who constitute more than 50% of Columbia’s informal labour force, have been forced indoors, with no source of income to pay for food and rent.

Alexandra Moncada, country director for Care International in Ecuador, says: “There are as many as 400 evictions a day in Ecuador alone under the pandemic, due to the inability to pay rent, forcing entire families to sleep on the street, including pregnant women and children. Life conditions have turned from bad to worse, especially for hundreds of adolescent girls from impoverished and migrant households.”

A Venezuelan mother walks with her two young children on the main road from the Ecuadorian border town of Tulcan towards Quito.
 A Venezuelan mother walks with her two young children on the main road from the Ecuadorian border town of Tulcan towards Quito. Photograph: Paddy Dowling/Care International

Little has been done by the international community or national governments to address gender-specific issues.

“Venezuelan refugees from Bogotá to Lima forced into sex work to survive have no option but to continue working during the coronavirus pandemic,” says Karina Bravo, a former sex worker now helping to protect the rights of working girls in Ecuador through the Latin American Network of Sex Workers (Plaperts).

Ecuador brought in mandatory quarantine in April, but by May Venezuelan girls were forced out of brothels and on to street corners in Machala, near the Peruvian border, in search of clients.

Bravo says: “The conditions for sex workers now under the pandemic is worrying. Quarantine measures have meant they are unable to generate enough income for their families back in Venezuela, or even to sustain themselves.”

Two years ago, in a coffee shop in Machala, at the height of the refugee crisis, Bravo told me that due to the number of Venezuelan women desperate to earn money to send home, many were offering sex for $9, half that charged by their Colombian counterparts.

Now Bravo says: “I know many Venezuelans servicing clients in southern Ecuador for as little as $2 under the pandemic in order to survive.”Families in Cúcuta are selling their daughters into sex work as young as 12 years old and for as little as a dollar

Medical services available to sex workers before lockdown have dried up. Health centres have all but stopped giving out condoms and health checks. “On top of the lack of medical care, they are experiencing food shortages, emotional stress and increased rates of gender-based violence including stabbings and rape as local law enforcement officials are preoccupied enforcing lockdown and quarantines. Things are desperate here, we need more help,” Bravo says.

With little help available from humanitarian agencies, refugees left destitute at borders with Peru, Ecuador and Colombia are faced with the decision of either waiting the pandemic out or heading home.

An estimated 70,000 refugees remain stranded in Cúcuta where they are reported to be eating dogs, cats and pigeons to survive.

“Families here are selling their daughters into sex work as young as 12 years old and for as little as a dollar right now in Cúcuta,” says Jana López, 60, a volunteer helping migrant families in the area.

“Men are preying on vulnerable families during the pandemic, small girls have been drugged and raped. We are also seeing an increase in irregular armed groups forcibly recruiting both boys and girls as young as 10 for the purposes of trafficking.

“Migrant families here are faced with impossible choices and sex work has become the only source of income for many during the pandemic,” adds López, herself a survivor of a brutal attack by seven men.

Sex workers in Arauca often sell coffee or food such as empanadas as a cover for their work.
 Sex workers in Arauca often sell coffee or food such as empanadas as a cover for their work. Photograph: Paddy Dowling/Care International

Care Ecuador’s Moncada says: “There is a general lack of resources and mechanisms in place to provide shelter, food and protection to women and adolescent girls (some so young as 12 to 14) and even their children. The world needs to acknowledge these horrible situations, and to act, to improve the levels of humanitarian response.”

Over the past four years, on a per capita basis, Venezuelan refugees have received just $125 compared with Syrian refugees in crisis getting $1,500.

Meanwhile, traffickers, brothel proprietors, hotel concierges, contraband smugglers and taxi drivers all take their cut from the exploitation of women and young girls. Without urgent international intervention this is set to continue as the number of Venezuelan refugees is predicted to exceed 6 million by the end of the year.

La ONU pidió más de 760 millones de dólares para Venezuela, el triple que el año pasado – Infobae – 16 de Julio 2020

La Oficina de Coordinación para Asuntos Humanitarios de Naciones Unidas presentó su nuevo Plan de Respuesta, que busca brindar asistencia para las 4,5 millones de personas vulnerables que viven en el país caribeño

Venezolanos que decidieron retornar a su país (EFE/Carlos Ortega)
Venezolanos que decidieron retornar a su país (EFE/Carlos Ortega)

La Oficina de Coordinación para Asuntos Humanitarios (OCHA) de Naciones Unidas lanzó este miércoles su nuevo Plan de Respuesta Humanitario para Venezuela y ha solicitado a la comunidad internacional de donantes 762,5 millones de dólares (más de 668 millones de euros), el triple que el año pasado.

El plan busca brindar asistencia para las 4,5 millones de personas vulnerables que viven en el país caribeño. Entre enero y mayo, la respuesta humanitaria de OCHA alcanzó ya a más de 2,1 millones de personas.

Según el desglose de la partida, la mayor parte se destinará al sector de la salud, donde se prevé contar con casi 252 millones de dólares (más de 221 millones de euros) que alcanzarían a unos cuatro millones de personas.

Asimismo, el plan también incluye un apartado de respuesta a la pandemia global de la COVID-19 del que se espera recaudar 87,9 millones de dólares (más de 77 millones de euros).Crisis

Fotografía cedida por la Secretaría de Fronteras de Colombia de ciudadanos venezolanos saliendo del refugio en Tienditas para ser trasladados al Puente Simón Bolívar y cruzar su país en Cúcuta (Colombia). EFE/Secretaría de Fronteras
Fotografía cedida por la Secretaría de Fronteras de Colombia de ciudadanos venezolanos saliendo del refugio en Tienditas para ser trasladados al Puente Simón Bolívar y cruzar su país en Cúcuta (Colombia). EFE/Secretaría de Fronteras

Para seguridad alimentaria y medios de vida están previstos más de 158 millones de dólares (más de 138 millones de euros), mientras que para educación y agua, saneamiento e higiene se han concebido 105,1 millones (más de 92 millones de euros).

El estado de Zulia, en el noroeste del país, es donde está prevista la mayor parte de asistencia humanitaria alcanzando a 901.000 personas (476.000 hombres y 425.000 mujeres), seguidos de los de Táchira, con 398.000 personas; Anzoátegui, con 379.000 individuos; y Sucre, con 361.000.

“Los venezolanos han sufrido seis años de contracción económica y tensiones políticas sociales e institucionales, situaciones de violencia localizada y el choque de la pandemia del coronavirus que han provocado un impacto sobre el bienestar físico y mental de las condiciones de vida y el entorno de protección de los siete millones de personas identificados con alguna necesidad humanitaria en 2019”, señaló OCHA.

Malnutrition Robbing Venezuelan Children of Their Future – Latin American Herald Tribune – 17 de Julio 2020

CARACAS – Two young brothers play amid a group of makeshift dwellings in Petare, the Venezuelan capital’s largest slum.

They don’t know it yet, but they’re part of a growing number of Venezuelan youth aged five and under whose futures are being jeopardized by poverty and malnutrition: scourges that threaten to stunt their own development and that of their homeland.

“The three-year-old is underweight … the two-year-old too,” the children’s father, Jose Gregorio Machado, who earns at best the equivalent of just $10 a week from washing cars on the street, told EFE.

Several years ago, Machado sought to escape the abject poverty of Barlovento – a run-down coastal sub-region of the north-central state of Miranda – by relocating to Petare, where his two youngest sons were born.

But his economic situation did not improve and he ended up living in one of the precarious dwellings that a group of about 100 families erected in a vacant lot.

Machado’s youngest children received food assistance from a non-governmental organization prior to the pandemic due to their below-average weight and height, but he said that aid has been interrupted for several months.

“The issue for that five-year-old (and younger) population is that children’s development occurs in those years, and particularly their brain, neuronal development,” Maria Gabriela Ponce, a researcher and member of a team that released an alarming study a few days ago, told EFE.

According to the Living Conditions Survey (Encovi), nearly one in 10 children aged five or younger in Venezuela – around 166,000 minors – suffer from malnutrition based on their weight-to-age ratios.

But when the relation of height to age is considered, the number of children five years or younger suffering from malnutrition jumps to 639,000, or three in every 10 Venezuelans in that demographic group.

The figure is believable considering that Venezuelans have suffered through the worst economic recession in their country’s modern history over the past five years, a crisis exacerbated by harsh financial sanctions that the United States has imposed on the country as part of its regime-change effort.

But it still is difficult to swallow for a people accustomed to thinking of themselves as prosperous because of their nation’s massive crude oil reserves.

The same Encovi survey reveals that 96 percent of Venezuelans are poor based on their daily income, which averages $0.72.

Ponce said the largest households are the ones with the highest levels of poverty and hunger.

Case in point is the family of Rosaura Rivas, leader of another squatter community in Petare.

“Let’s not beat around the bush. It’s a lie to say that children eat three meals a day, (and they eat even) less with this situation we have,” the 54-year-old woman told EFE while surrounded by several of her 16 grandchildren, referring to the coronavirus-triggered lockdowns that have further battered Venezuela’s economy.

A total of 48 children live in the squatter settlement that Rivas leads, all of whom live in extreme poverty and eat a maximum of one meal per day.

A government agency opened a food bank a few days ago in Petare to address the problem. But the initiative was met with scorn by many of the children’s parents, who complained of poorly prepared and protein-less food.

“The food they send us is poorly done. The rice is crude. There’s little protein, which shouldn’t happen,” Rivas said, adding that most of the children who live in the settlement are underweight.

She also complained about the infrequent service provided by the so-called Local Committees for Supply and Production (CLAP), a food-distribution program that leftist incumbent Nicolas Maduro’s administration says is reaching some 6 million needy families.

“The CLAP is insufficient. That’s been clearly proven,” Ponce said for her part. “If the CLAP had been effective, we wouldn’t be seeing these levels of malnutrition. We wouldn’t be seeing these levels of food insecurity.”

According to the Encovi survey, 39 percent of the families who benefit from that subsidized food program say they receive “less than one box a month” and 15 percent says they receive just one box “every two months.”

Ponce warned of the long-term impact of Venezuela’s child malnutrition problems, saying they may be “irreversible.”

According to a study by UNICEF, malnutrition at an early age causes a loss of intellectual and cognitive capacity and adversely affects children’s performance at school and their acquisition of life skills.

The problem is still reversible, but it is difficult to see a light at the end of the tunnel due to the nation’s persistent and ever-worsening economic and political crises, according to Ponce.

“Ever since we’ve been carrying out the Encovi, the news regrettably has gotten steadily worse. And that’s the result of a steadily more negative economic context, institutional context and social context,” she said.

«Creí en Hugo Chávez y fue un error», el artículo de Nicmer Evans que sacudió a la dictadura por Nicmer Evans – albertonews – 13 de Julio 2020

Hugo Chávez es la génesis de lo que sucede hoy en Venezuela. Lo digo como alguien que creyó en él y en sus promesas de una Venezuela mejor, más justa, menos corrupta. Pero la historia, veinte años después de que Chávez llegara al poder, demuestra lo equivocados que estábamos yo y muchos venezolanos que nos considerábamos chavistas, muchos de los que lo asesoraron, de los que lo defendimos y justificamos en privado y en público, de los que votamos por él.

Este artículo fue publicado originalmente el 27 de agosto de 2019

Hoy, con Venezuela en ruinas, admito que fue un error pensar que con Chávez había llegado una izquierda democrática, con arrastre popular y sin taras a Venezuela. No llegó. En cambio, se instauraron los cimientos de un régimen autoritario, diseñado para beneficiar a unos cuantos y económicamente fallido. Esta dolorosa equivocación de tantos de nosotros es inobjetable; es palpable en el hambre de la gente, la represión contra los civiles que protestan, los registros de tortura a militares disidentes, las ejecuciones extrajudiciales, la malnutrición infantil y la prohibición de cualquier tipo de crítica u oposición.

Estos son los saldos del chavismo en el que una vez creí. Así que es hora de hacer algo que todos los chavistas podrían hacer, una decisión muy personal e increíblemente difícil pero quizás necesaria para poder sanar y avanzar: reconocer su error y entender el enorme daño que el proyecto de Chávez le ha hecho a Venezuela.

Creo que con una especie de redención colectiva podremos empezar a salir de la hecatombe que vivimos, recoger las piezas rotas para empezar de nuevo y reinstitucionalizar el país.

A inicios del siglo, muchos intelectuales, activistas y ciudadanos estábamos deseosos de encontrar alternativas al modelo neoliberal. Cuando llegó Chávez a la presidencia, democráticamente electo en 1999, algunos vimos en su Revolución bolivariana esa vía.

Como sabemos, no lo logró. Ya en 2009, era evidente que su estilo de liderazgo era nocivo porque generaba una dependencia estatal en su persona. Ningún presidente autodenominado de izquierda debe sustentar la institucionalidad del gobierno en el personalismo y el mesianismo. En ese año lo critiqué públicamente y comenzó mi gradual deslindamiento del chavismo.

Para 2013, cuando Chávez murió, buena parte de las instituciones —que en una democracia deben ser autónomas e independientes— dependían de él y sus designios. Fue Chávez quien eligió a su sucesor, Nicolás Maduro, quien ha terminado de dejar a Venezuela en una situación de crisis humanitaria.

El chavismo y su éxito se originaron de la indignación popular y de la necesidad de superar la corrupción de los gobiernos de los partidos que se habían alternado el poder por cuarenta años sin atender la profunda desigualdad del país. Pero ya en los últimos años de Chávez, la complicidad con la corrupción y la fuga de capitales —calculada en más de 400.000 millones de dólares entre los años 1999 y 2013— dejaron claro que su revolución había sido aún más corrupta que los cuarenta años anteriores a Chávez, del que se fugaron 70.000 millones de dólares.

Siempre existirá la duda de si la situación con Chávez hubiese sido mejor o peor que con Maduro; de si el artífice del proyecto del socialismo del siglo XXI habría podido evitar el desastre venezolano. No pretendo hacer una defensa de Hugo Chávez, pero estoy seguro de que hubiese sido diferente y quizás no tan precaria como ahora.

Nicolás Maduro, pasa frente a un retrato de su antecesor, Hugo Chávez.
Nicolás Maduro, pasa frente a un retrato de su antecesor, Hugo Chávez.Credit…Federico Parra/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Las políticas sociales de Chávez giraban en torno a la educación, la salud y la productividad. Aunque se puede argumentar que la intención final era el control social o el rédito electoral, lo cierto es que muchos venezolanos recibieron beneficios tangibles que mejoraron su vida mientras preservaban la libertad de criterio. Las primeras fases del programa social Misión Barrio Adentro llevaba servicios médicos a los barrios más pobres del país y se crearon centenares de dispensarios populares. Con el tiempo, y especialmente con Maduro en poder, los beneficios sociales se han condicionado a la sumisión política. Antes de las elecciones presidenciales de 2018, Maduro prometió premios a quienes votaran con el Carnet de la Patria, el documento de identificación que sirve para transferir bonos —comida o pagos— a los ciudadanos. El régimen de Maduro se ha aprovechado de la dependencia alimentaria de los venezolanos que, para algunos analistas, los ha convertido en “rehenes del hambre”.

Para preservar el poder, Maduro ha recurrido a estrategias contraproducentes para el país: ha comprometido parte de la producción petrolera y mineral de Venezuela a actores extranjeros —como Cuba, China y Rusia— y ha optado por la represión y violación sistemática de los derechos humanos de los civiles.

Según el informe sobre Venezuela de la Comisión de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos, el gobierno de Maduro ha echado a andar una estrategia para aniquilar el periodismo independiente y limitar la libertad de expresión; ha criminalizado a la oposición y ha reprimido violentamente el descontento social. El informe de la ONU le adjudica al Estado venezolano 6800 ejecuciones extrajudiciales y revela que ha sometido a prisioneros a la tortura, entre ellos, al capitán Rafael Acosta, quien mostró señales de tortura durante su juicio en el tribunal militar y murió esa misma noche. Al día de hoy, hay 217 oficiales, entre activos y retirados, que se encuentran detenidos en las cárceles venezolanas.

Para pasar página de estos veinte años de destrucción del régimen que inició Chávez podríamos asumir una dura tarea, más a los que alguna vez fuimos chavistas: refundar, con paciencia, las instituciones democráticas que Chávez socavó, empezando por el Consejo Nacional Electoral. Asegurar su funcionamiento independiente y transparente, con monitoreo de observadores electorales internacionales, es vital para empezar la reconstrucción de un sistema democrático Venezuela.

Tanto las fuerzas armadas y el sector del chavismo que aún respalda a Maduro deben dar el paso que yo y tantos venezolanos que alguna vez creímos en Chávez hemos dado: sentir empatía por el sufrimiento de los venezolanos de a pie, 4 millones de los cuales han tenido que salir del país junto a aquellos que se han exiliado por oponerse al chavismo y a la dictadura de Maduro. Es un proceso complejo, exige mucho de nosotros reconocer una equivocación, pero debemos intentarlo. Es hora de romper con Chávez y su heredero, Maduro.

El chavismo tiene posibilidad de sobrevivencia si admite sus tropiezos y redefine su proyecto político. Solo así, ese sector, aún poderoso pero leal al dictador, podrá sumarse a la reconstrucción de Venezuela cuando vuelva la democracia.”

La Eurocámara condena a Maduro con el rechazo de Bildu, Podemos y Vox, que exigía más dureza por Enrique Serbeto – ABC – 10 de Julio 2020

El texto, aprobado con el apoyo populares, socialdemócratas, liberales y conservadores, recuerda que los países miembros están obligados a denegar la entrada o el tránsito de los altos cargos que son objeto de sanciones europeas


El Parlamento Europeo ha aprobado una resolución en la que reitera su condena a la dictadura venezolana y su reconocimiento a Juan Guaidó como presidente encargado. El texto fue aprobado por una amplia mayoría del Parlamento Europeo que incluía al Partido Popular Europeo, impulsor del mismo, al grupo socialdemócrata, el liberal (“Renew Europe”) y el de los conservadores. En contra se han pronunciado el grupo de Izquierda Unitaria, donde militan Podemos y Bildu, y los diputados de Vox, que se han desmarcado de sus socios conservadores, por considerar que la resolución es demasiado blanca con el régimen bolivariano.

El texto se refiere a la situación humanitaria en Venezuela y a la crisis migratoria y de los refugiados que vive el país debido a la desastrosa gestión del régimen de Nicolás Maduro y alerta del agravamiento de la situación en toda la región, a lo que se ha sumado la aparición del coronavirus. También se recuerda que los países miembros están obligados a denegar la entrada o el tránsito de los altos cargos de la dictadura venezolana que son objeto de sanciones europeas, en lo que se ha interpretado como una alusión a lo sucedido en Madrid con la “número dos” del régimen Delcy Rodríguez.

El eurodiputado del PP y portavoz de derechos humanos del Grupo Popular Europeo, Leopoldo López Gil, ha manifestado que “ante esta situación es urgente que el régimen dictatorial de Nicolás Maduro deje el poder con la convocatoria de elecciones libres y transparentes”. El texto también denuncia la “rampante corrupción” del régimen de Maduro y condena las violaciones del funcionamiento democrático de la Asamblea Nacional. Para la jefa de la delegación popular española, Dolors Montserrat, “es preocupante que un partido que está en el gobierno como Podemos haya rechazado, una vez más, ponerse del lado de la democracia y el respeto a las libertades y los derechos en Venezuela”,

El Parlamento Europeo ha reiterado en su resolución que reconoce a Juan Guaidó como presidente interino de Venezuela, de acuerdo con la Constitución venezolana, y como legítimo presidente de la Asamblea Nacional.

El eurodiputado de Ciudadanos Jordi Cañas declaró por su parte que “la reacción del régimen, que amenaza con expulsar al embajador de la Unión Europea, es una prueba de que el sistema de sanciones funciona y por ello debe ser más estricto y extendido a todos los socios de la narco-dictadura. Maduro sabe que sus días se están acabando; no puede acceder a las reservas de dinero del país, ni sus cómplices pueden moverse libremente. Nadie quedará sin castigo por la violación sistemática de los derechos y libertades fundamentales en Venezuela, y la Unión Europea continuará trabajando permanentemente hasta que se restablezca la democracia en el país. A todos los venezolanos, me gustaría recordarles que no están solos y que tarde o temprano el régimen de Maduro caerá”.


Venezuela: Europa envía un contundente mensaje a Maduro y pide sanciones específicas y una prohibición sobre el comercio de ‘oro de sangre’ venezolano en la Unión Europea – Renew Europe – 10 de Julio 2020


El Parlamento Europeo aprobó hoy una resolución sobre la situación humanitaria en Venezuela y la crisis migratoria y de refugiados creada por el régimen de Maduro, que se mantiene en el poder poniendo en riesgo la vida de sus ciudadanos. El Grupo Renew Europe condena firmemente la represión de la democracia, del estado de derecho y de los derechos humanos por parte de las autoridades venezolanas y les insta a reconocer la crisis humanitaria en curso y a evitar que se siga deteriorando.

La resolución reitera que Juan Guaidó está reconocido como legítimo Presidente de la Asamblea Nacional y el Presidente interino legítimo de Venezuela, y pide a la UE que refuerce y amplíe las sanciones específicas, restringiendo consecuentemente los movimientos de aquellos individuos que apoyan a Maduro y a su régimen y congelando sus activos y visados.

El reciente intento de Maduro de expulsar a la embajadora de la UE de Caracas, como forma de represalia por la imposición de sanciones a 11 funcionarios responsables de graves violaciones de los derechos humanos, es muy lamentable y los eurodiputados piden a los Estados miembros que reconozcan a los representantes políticos nombrados por Juan Guaidó.

La eurodiputada de Renew Europe, Dita Charanzová (ANO, República Checa), Vicepresidenta del Parlamento Europeo y Responsable de las relaciones con América Latina, quien negoció la resolución en nombre de nuestro Grupo, dijo:

“Hemos enviado un fuerte mensaje a Maduro: no lo reconocemos, no puede haber un gobierno de transición con él, y seguiremos reforzando las sanciones selectivas hasta que se allane el camino para unas elecciones libres y justas.

Además de extender las sanciones a los funcionarios del régimen, un punto clave para mí fue pedir la prohibición del comercio y la circulación del ‘oro de sangre’ venezolano en Europa – la nueva sangre del régimen. Me alegro de que esto se haya incluido.

Reconocemos a Guaidó como el Presidente legítimo. Por lo tanto, los estados de la UE deben reconocer a sus representantes en Europa también, y revocar la acreditación de los embajadores de Maduro ahora.”

El eurodiputado Jordi Cañas (Ciudadanos, España), primer vicepresidente de la Asamblea Parlamentaria de EUROLAT y coordinador del Grupo Renew Europe Eurolat, añadió:

“La reacción del régimen de hacer amago de expulsar a la Embajadora de la Unión Europea es prueba de que el régimen de sanciones funciona, fruto del trabajo de este Parlamento. Hay que endurecer el régimen de sanciones y extenderlo a todos los socios de la narco-dictadura.

Maduro sabe que tiene los días contados y que no puede acceder a las reservas de dinero del país, ni sus cómplices se pueden mover en libertad. Ninguno quedará impune ante la sistemática violación de derechos fundamentales y libertades en Venezuela, y la Unión europea seguirá trabajando permanentemente hasta lograr que la democracia vuelva al país. A los venezolanos, les quiero recordar que no están solos y que tarde o temprano, el régimen de Maduro caerá.”




Parlamento Europeo rechaza las amenazas de la dictadura de Maduro y reclama elecciones libres y creíbles en Venezuela – Centro de Comunicación Nacional – 10 de Julio 2020

El Parlamento Europeo está muy preocupado por la grave emergencia humanitaria en Venezuela, que ha obligado a millones de personas a huir del país y a la que se ha sumado la pandemia de COVID-19.

En una resolución aprobada con 487 votos a favor, 119 en contra y 79 abstenciones, la Cámara insta a las autoridades a reconocer la situación, evitar que se agrave y tomar medidas políticas y económicas para garantizar la seguridad de la población y la estabilidad del país y de la región.

La ya terrible crisis humanitaria, política, económica, institucional y social ha empeorado significativamente durante la pandemia, subraya el texto, que apunta a la escasez de medicamentos y alimentos, las violaciones masivas de los derechos humanos, la hiperinflación, la opresión política, la corrupción y la violencia. Todo ello está provocando el mayor desplazamiento de población conocido en la región, con alrededor de cinco millones de venezolanos fuera del país, una cifra que este año puede alcanzar los 6,5 millones.

Elecciones para acabar con la inestabilidad política

Los eurodiputados inciden en que el respeto de las instituciones y de los principios democráticos y la defensa del Estado de Derecho son esenciales para encontrar una solución a la crisis en Venezuela para beneficio de su población. Reclaman, por eso, elecciones presidenciales y legislativas libres, transparentes y creíbles como la única manera de salir de la crisis.

El Parlamento reitera su apoyo a Juan Guaidó como presidente legítimo de la Asamblea Nacional y presidente interino legítimo de Venezuela, y a la Asamblea Nacional, el único órgano democrático de Venezuela elegido legítimamente. La resolución rechaza las vulneraciones del ordenamiento democrático y constitucional, así como los actos de intimidación, la violencia y las decisiones arbitrarias contra los opositores.

Los eurodiputados lamentan las amenazas de Nicolás Maduro de expulsar de Caracas a la embajadora de la UE, en respuesta a las sanciones impuestas a once altos cargos venezolanos por violaciones de los derechos humanos y plantean que la Unión y los Estados miembros recurran a la reciprocidad si vuelve a suceder.

Aplicación de las decisiones europeas sobre sanciones

El PE recuerda a los Estados miembros que deben cumplir la Decisión 2017/2074 del Consejo y, en particular, “impedir la entrada en sus territorios respectivos o el tránsito por ellos a las personas a las que se aplican las medidas restrictivas”, y notificarlo al Consejo en caso de excepciones.

Ayuda internacional para migrantes y refugiados

El texto saluda las promesas de donación y los esfuerzos de la Conferencia Internacional de Donantes en solidaridad con los refugiados y migrantes venezolanos, organizada el 26 de mayo por la UE y el Gobierno español, y en la que se comprometieron 2.544 millones de euros, aunque sólo 595 millones son ayudas directas, que apenas servirán para cubrir las consecuencias anuales de una crisis sin precedentes en los países vecinos.

Parlamento Europeo rechaza las amenazas del régimen y reclama elecciones libres y creíbles en Venezuela by Presidencia (E) de Venezuela on Scribd


European Parliament 2019-2024

Plenary sitting B9-0211/2020 } B9-0213/2020 } B9-0215/2020 } RC1 7.7.2020


pursuant to Rule 132(2) and (4) of the Rules of Procedure replacing the following motions: B9-0211/2020 (PPE) B9-0213/2020 (S&D) B9-0215/2020 (Renew) on the humanitarian situation in Venezuela and the migration and refugee crisis (2019/2952(RSP))

Dolors Montserrat, Esteban González Pons, Leopoldo López Gil, Paulo Rangel, Antonio Tajani, David McAllister, Gabriel Mato, Antonio López-Istúriz White, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Isabel Wiseler-Lima, Miriam Lexmann, Vladimír Bilčík, Ivan Štefanec, Michal Wiezik, Peter Pollák on behalf of the PPE Group Kati Piri, Javi López, Maria-Manuel Leitão-Marques on behalf of the S&D Group Dita Charanzová, Jordi Cañas, Abir Al-Sahlani, Barry Andrews, Malik Azmani, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Sylvie Brunet, Olivier Chastel, Nicola Danti, Fredrick Federley, Billy Kelleher, Moritz Körner, Nathalie Loiseau, Javier Nart, Dragoș Pîslaru, Samira Rafaela, Frédérique Ries, María Soraya Rodríguez Ramos, Nicolae Ştefănuță, Ramona Strugariu, Dragoş Tudorache, Hilde Vautmans

RC\1209506EN.docx 2/9 PE647.710v01-00 } PE647.712v01-00 } PE655.392v01-00 } RC1 EN on behalf of the Renew Group RC\1209506EN.docx 3/9 PE647.710v01-00 } PE647.712v01-00 } PE655.392v01-00 } RC1 EN European Parliament resolution on the humanitarian situation in Venezuela and the migration and refugee crisis (2019/2952(RSP))

The European Parliament,

– having regard to its previous resolutions on Venezuela, in particular that of 16 January 2020 on the situation in Venezuela after the illegal election of the new National Assembly Presidency and Bureau (parliamentary coup)1 ,

– having regard to the statement by the spokesperson for the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) of 1 April 2020 on the US proposal and the situation in the context of the coronavirus pandemic in Venezuela,

– having regard to the statement by UN human rights experts of 30 April 2020 on the health emergency in Venezuela,

– having regard to the warning by UN human rights experts of 6 May 2020 about the devastating impact of the country’s humanitarian and economic crisis on human rights, – having regard to UN High Commissioner Michelle Bachelet’s Human Rights Report on Venezuela of 2 July 2020,

– having regard to the joint press release of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) of 1 April 2020 on the situation of refugees and migrants from Venezuela during the COVID-19 crisis,

– having regard to the statement of the Secretary General of the Organization of American States on the situation in Venezuela of 5 January 2020 and of 26 June 2020,

– having regard to the Lima Group statements of 20 February, 2 March, 2 April and 16 June 2020,

– having regard to the declarations by the VP/HR of 4 and 16 June 2020 on the latest developments in Venezuela,

– having regard to the statement of its Committee on Foreign Affairs of 11 June 2020 on the recent attacks on Venezuela’s National Assembly,

– having regard to the International Contact Group statements of 16 June 2020 on the undermined credibility of the Venezuelan electoral body and of 24 June 2020 on the worsening political crisis in Venezuela,

– having regard to Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/898 of 29 June 2020 amending Decision (CFSP) 2017/2074 concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Venezuela2 , which added 11 leading Venezuelan officials to the list of those subject to 1 Texts adopted, P9_TA(2020)0013. 2 OJ L 205 I, 29.6.2020, p. 6. RC\1209506EN.docx 4/9 PE647.710v01-00 } PE647.712v01-00 } PE655.392v01-00 } RC1 EN restrictive measures,

– having regard to the International Donors Conference in solidarity with Venezuelan refugees and migrants of 26 May 2020,

– having regard to the Venezuelan Constitution,

– having regard to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court,

– having regard to Rule 132(2) and (4) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the European Union and its Member States have been supporting the Venezuelan population and the communities hosting refugees for years; whereas on 26 May 2020, the European Union and the Government of Spain, with the support of the UNHCR and the IOM, convened an International Donors Conference in Solidarity with Venezuelan Refugees and Migrants; whereas international donors pledged a total of EUR 2.544 billion, of which only EUR 595 million are direct grants, the rest being simply conditional loans; whereas during the conference, some of the borrowers expressed concerns about the bureaucratic difficulties and the complexity of regulation they faced in obtaining the loans; whereas the EUR 595 million in direct grants will hardly cover the annual consequences of such an unprecedented crisis in Venezuela’s neighbouring countries; whereas the international community needs to find innovative solutions to unlock other possible financial resources to help the Venezuelan people address their emergency needs beyond humanitarian and longer-term cooperation aid;

B. whereas the EU assistance amounts to over EUR 319 million, both within and outside Venezuela; whereas EUR 156 million have been devoted to humanitarian assistance, EUR 136 million to development and EUR 27 million to stability and peace;

C. whereas the already dire political, economic, institutional, social and multidimensional humanitarian crisis in Venezuela has significantly worsened and become aggravated during the pandemic; whereas increased shortages of medicines and food, massive human rights violations, hyperinflation, political oppression, corruption and violence are endangering people’s lives and forcing them to flee the country;

D. whereas a growing number of people in Venezuela, in particular vulnerable groups such as women, children and sick people, are suffering from malnutrition as a consequence of limited access to quality health services, medicines, food and water;

E. whereas the Venezuelan national health system has been significantly weakened due to mishandling by the regime, resulting in critical shortages of medicines and a lack of available medical treatment; whereas the figures provided by the regime in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic lack credibility and are not trusted either within Venezuela or by the international community;

F. whereas the current multidimensional crisis in Venezuela is generating the largest population displacement ever seen in the region; whereas around five million Venezuelans have fled the country, with 80 percent of them displaced in countries in the region; whereas according to the UNHCR, the Venezuelan refugee crisis is the second biggest in the world, behind that of Syria; whereas it is expected that by the end of 2020, the total number of people fleeing the worsening conditions in Venezuela could exceed 6.5 million;

G. whereas according to the UNHCR, the number of Venezuelans seeking asylum worldwide has increased by 2 000 %; whereas 650 000 have filed asylum claims worldwide and around two million have obtained residence permits from other countries in the Americas; whereas 12 % of the population has fled the country and people continue to leave at an average rate of 5 000 per day;

H. whereas the current global public health emergency has compounded an already desperate situation for many refugees and migrants from Venezuela, as well as their host countries; whereas many refugees and migrants depend on insufficient daily wages to cover basic needs such as shelter, food and healthcare;

I. whereas according to the initial reports about the pandemic overwhelming the country’s debilitated healthcare system, hospitals are filled with coronavirus patients and dozens of health workers have been infected;

J. whereas the illegitimate Venezuelan Supreme Court, controlled by the regime of Nicolás Maduro, unjustifiably ratified the appointment of Luis Parra as President of the National Assembly on 26 May 2020; whereas the illegal session which took place in January 2020 respected neither legal procedure nor democratic constitutional principles by preventing, in some cases by force, the large majority of democratically elected representatives from being present during the session and consequently from casting their votes; whereas the illegal decision emanating from this illegitimate parliamentary session led the Council of the EU to impose sanctions on a further 11 officials for their role in undermining democracy and the rule of law, including Luis Parra and Juan Jose Mendoza, President of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; whereas Juan Guaidó has excluded himself from any transitional government and Maduro cannot be part of such a government;

K. whereas on 13 June 2020, the illegitimate Supreme Court once again appointed new members to the National Electoral Council), despite not having any legal power to do so; whereas, in accordance with Articles 187 and 296 of the Venezuelan Constitution, these appointments are the sole and exclusive responsibility of the National Assembly, a body democratically elected by the Venezuelan people; whereas the European Parliament will not recognise any decision or ruling that is unilaterally taken by these illegitimate bodies; whereas the officials responsible for these decisions have also been added to the EU’s sanction list;

L. whereas Nicolás Maduro ordered the European Union’s ambassador to leave the country within 72 hours of the EU imposing targeted sanctions on several officials responsible for serious human rights breaches, and whereas he also threatened the ambassador of Spain with further reprisals; whereas in May 2020, there were reports of acts of harassment against the French embassy in Caracas, including by cutting off water and electricity supplies to the ambassador’s residence; whereas the regime has decided to reverse that decision and not to expel the EU ambassador;

M. whereas the Maduro regime has lashed out against the political parties Accion Democratica, Primero Justicia and Un Nuevo Tiempo, subjecting them to systematic RC\1209506EN.docx 6/9 PE647.710v01-00 } PE647.712v01-00 } PE655.392v01-00 } RC1 EN persecution through rulings of the illegitimate Supreme Court stripping them of their national directorates against the will of their members; whereas the democratic political party Voluntad Popular was classified as a terrorist organisation by the Maduro regime;

N. whereas the democratic international community, including the EU, has firmly rejected this electoral farce and all such illegal actions; whereas this action has further reduced the democratic space in the country to the bare minimum and has created major obstacles to the resolution of the political crisis in Venezuela; whereas the formation of a balanced and inclusive national emergency government, comprising all democratic political and social sectors of the country and able to address current humanitarian needs, is essential in order to overcome the escalating crisis;

O. whereas respecting international standards, an independent and balanced National Electoral Council and a level playing field ensuring the unimpeded participation of political parties and candidates represent the cornerstones of a credible electoral process, enabling free and fair legislative and presidential elections;

P. whereas illicit financing and foreign interference from the regime in elections pose a significant threat to European democracies;

Q. whereas the implementation of EU foreign affairs decisions is in hands of national authorities but the Commission has a responsibility to monitor the implementation of EU law;

R. whereas on 12 June 2020, the authorities in Cape Verde arrested Alex Saab, a businessman who has been implicated in several corruption schemes involving the Maduro regime and is now awaiting a judicial decision and possible extradition; whereas the Saab case illustrates how pervasive corruption has become in Venezuela while the country is in the midst of an unprecedented humanitarian crisis; whereas the country ranked 173rd out of 180 in Transparency International’s 2019 Corruption Perceptions Index;

S. whereas the number of political prisoners has increased since mass civil unrest began in 2014, and currently stands at more than 430; whereas 11 Europeans are also reportedly being detained in Venezuela; whereas many accounts of torture by the regime are currently under preliminary examination by the ICC for crimes against humanity; whereas repression, arbitrary detentions and torture have increased during the COVID19 crisis; whereas High Commissioner Bachelet’s report on Venezuela of 2 July 2020 documented more than 1 300 extrajudicial killings by security forces between 1 January and 31 May 2020;

T. whereas the Maduro regime has failed to provide transparent information, accept international humanitarian assistance and give priority to the needs and rights of the most vulnerable segments of the population; whereas on 1 June 2020, an agreement was concluded between the Ministry of the People’s Power for Health and the National Assembly’s advisory team for COVID-19 to allow humanitarian aid to be delivered to Venezuela apolitically through the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) whereas over the years, the regime has rejected any form of humanitarian aid;

U. whereas the Maduro regime has, since 2016, supported illegal artisanal gold mining in the Venezuelan Amazon to finance irregular armed groups; whereas the gold has been smuggled out of the country through irregular channels to be sold and exchanged illicitly abroad; whereas this so-called blood gold is extracted and exploited at the expense of human rights and the environment under illegal and criminal conditions which seriously threaten both;

V. whereas effective actions are needed to stop the security threat to the wider region constituted by the links between Maduro’s dictatorial regime, terrorist groups and organised armed groups carrying out their criminal activities in Venezuela;

1. Reiterates its deep concern at the severity of the humanitarian emergency, which poses a profound threat to the lives of Venezuelans; expresses its solidarity with all Venezuelans forced to flee their country for want of very basic living conditions, such as access to food, drinking water, health services and medicines;

2. Draws attention to the worsening migration crisis which has spread across the entire region, namely to Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Brazil, Panama and Argentina, as well as some EU Member States and the Caribbean, and highlights the extremely difficult circumstances which are further aggravated by the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic; praises the efforts of the neighbouring countries and the solidarity they have shown; asks the Commission and the European External Action Service (EEAS) to continue cooperating with these countries and territories, not only by providing humanitarian assistance but also by providing more resources and through development policy;

3. Urges the Venezuelan authorities to acknowledge the ongoing humanitarian crisis, to prevent its further deterioration, and to promote political and economic solutions to ensure the safety of all civilians and stability for the country and the region; takes note of the agreement reached between Venezuela and the PAHO on the fight against COVID-19;

4. Calls for urgent action to prevent the aggravation of the humanitarian and public health crisis, and in particular the reappearance of diseases such as measles, malaria, diphtheria and foot-and-mouth disease; calls for the rapid implementation of a short-term response to counter malnutrition among the most vulnerable groups, such as women, children and sick people;

5. Welcomes the pledges and efforts of the International Donors Conference in solidarity with Venezuelan refugees and migrants; calls, in this context, for a reduction in bureaucracy and a simplified framework that can ensure the pledges reach those who are in desperate need as soon as possible;

6. Strongly rejects the violations of the democratic, constitutional and transparent functioning of the National Assembly, as well as the acts of intimidation, violence and arbitrary decisions against its members; denounces the undemocratic appointment of new members to the National Electoral Council and the stripping of parties of their current boards of directors against the will of their members;

7. Reiterates its acknowledgement that, as a result of the transparent and democratic vote of the National Assembly, Juan Guaidó is the legitimate President of the National RC\1209506EN.docx 8/9 PE647.710v01-00 } PE647.712v01-00 } PE655.392v01-00 } RC1 EN Assembly and the legitimate interim President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, in accordance with Article 233 of the Venezuelan Constitution;

8. Reiterates its full support to the National Assembly, which is the only legitimately elected democratic body of Venezuela and whose powers need to be respected, including the prerogatives and safety of its members; insists that a peaceful political solution can only be reached if the National Assembly’s constitutional prerogatives are fully respected;

9. Recalls that respect for democratic institutions and principles and the upholding of the rule of law are essential conditions for finding a solution to the crisis in Venezuela for the benefit of its people; therefore urgently calls for the creation of conditions leading to free, transparent and credible presidential and legislative elections based on a fixed calendar, fair conditions for all actors, transparency and the presence of credible international observers as the only way out of the crisis, thereby excluding any violence or military action;

10. Calls on the EU and other international actors to mobilise a response from the international community that contributes to the urgent restoration of democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela;

11. Recalls that the Member States are legally bound by Council Decision 2017/2074 to implement the restrictive measures contained therein, notably the prevention of the entry into, or transit through, their territories of the persons to whom the restrictive measures apply, as well as an obligation to notify the Council immediately in writing of any exemptions they have granted;

12. Takes note of the Council decision of 29 June 2020 to add 11 Venezuelan officials to the list of those subject to individual sanctions which do not harm the Venezuelan population, and calls for that list to be strengthened and enlarged if the situation of human rights and democracy in the country continues to deteriorate; considers that the EU authorities must restrict the movements of the individuals on that list, as well as those of their closest relatives, and freeze their assets and visas; further calls for an immediate ban on the trade in and circulation of illegal blood gold from Venezuela;

13. Strongly regrets Mr Maduro’s threats to expel the EU ambassador from Caracas as a form of retaliation for the sanctions imposed on 11 officials responsible for serious human rights violations; takes note, in this regards, of the initial statement of the VP/HR announcing reciprocity and calls on the Member States to also consider acting under the principle of reciprocity if this situation arises again, namely by revoking the credentials of Maduro’s Ambassadors in the EU; reiterates its call on Member States to recognise the political representatives appointed by Juan Guaidó;

14. Denounces the rampant corruption which has become an integral part of the Maduro regime; denounces the Maduro regime’s use of political funding as a tool of foreign interference; strongly denounces and deplores cases of corruption, including those under judicial investigation in Member States;

15. Calls for the immediate release of all political prisoners and an end to the torture, illtreatment and harassment of political opponents, human rights activists and peaceful RC\1209506EN.docx 9/9 PE647.710v01-00 } PE647.712v01-00 } PE655.392v01-00 } RC1 EN protesters, and for those unfairly forced into exile to be allowed to return;

16. Fully supports the ICC investigations into the extensive crimes and acts of repression perpetrated by the Venezuelan regime; urges the European Union to support the initiative of the ICC States Parties to open an investigation into crimes against humanity committed by the de facto Maduro government, thereby holding those responsible to account;

17. Takes note of the decision of the British Court of 2 July 2020, which unequivocally recognises the democratic legitimacy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in the person of its President Juan Guaidó by giving him legal access to the Republic’s gold reserves;

18. Requests that a fact-finding mission be dispatched to the country in order to assess the situation;

19. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the legitimate interim President of the Republic and National Assembly of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the governments and parliaments of the Lima Group countries, the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly and the Secretary-General of the Organisation of American States.

Leopoldo López Gil: El régimen es el responsable del mayor desplazamiento de venezolanos en el mundo – El Nacional – 20 de Junio 2020

Acnur informó que los desplazados y migrantes en el mundo crecieron en casi 9 millones de personas el pasado año hasta alcanzar el récord de 79,5 millones, aproximadamente el 1% de la población mundial

Leopoldo López Gil 11 europeos
Foto Archivo

Leopoldo López Gil, eurodiputado por el Partido Popular, recordó este sábado, día en que se celebra el Día Mundial de las Personas Refugiadas, que hay más de 5 millones de venezolanos desplazados por la crisis humanitaria ocasionada por el régimen de Nicolás Maduro.

Resaltó que la Agencia de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados (Acnur), ha denunciado en su informe que Venezuela el es el segundo país en número de refugiados.

«En el #WorldRefugeeDay denuncio que hay más de 5 millones de venezolanos desplazados por la crisis humanitaria generada por el régimen de Maduro. @ACNURamericas ha denunciado en su informe sobre desplazamientos forzosos que el éxodo venezolano es el 2 mayor del mundo», indicó López Gil en Twitter.

Leopoldo Lopez Gil


En el denuncio que hay más de 5M de venezolanos desplazados por la crisis humanitaria generada por el régimen de Maduro. @ACNURamericas ha denunciado en su informe sobre desplazamientos forzosos que el éxodo venezolano es el 2 mayor del mundo

 Venezuela es el segundo país en número de refugiados

Acnur informó que los desplazados y migrantes en el mundo crecieron en casi 9 millones de personas el pasado año hasta alcanzar el récord de 79,5 millones, aproximadamente el 1% de la población mundial.

Según Acnur, Venezuela es el segundo país en número de refugiados, cuyo éxodo es de más de 5 millones de personas y supera así a naciones como Afganistán (2,7 millones) Sudán del Sur (2,2 millones) y Birmania (1,1 millones), quedando solo por debajo de Siria, con 6,6 millones de refugiados.

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